Farming a new flower garden needs significant hard work, time, and money of course. It may take you two to three years seeing your flower garden at its full swing. Particularly when you are focusing on perennial flowers plants. No doubt that flower gardens need more care and maintenance as compared to lawns with mulched shrubs, but it doesn’t need a different skill. Just keep in mind that you must have a good knowledge of the factors that involve gardening, like soil, water, pesticides, weeds, fertilizers and common plant diseases.
The first step is to prepare the land for plantation. Dig it up thoroughly till it becomes soft and fluffy like a pancake mix. It will ensure healthy growth of the plants. The soil will turn hard within the same year. It is because not only plants but countless earthworms and other tiny organisms are also fed on the organic matter in the soil also. For the better nourishment of plants, you will have to add organic matter every year.
Different plants need different amount of water but there are some general rules too, like over watering can rot the roots of any plant and no or low watering can dries it up to death. likewise overhead watering is an open invitation to
diseases. So always water them considering that how much and when they need it. Keep your irrigation system updated.
Fertilizer ensures the availability of all the required nutrients for plants in the soil. Compost, natural fertilizer can be prepared by organic wastes, at a small scale in a corner of your own garden. Synthetic fertilizers, containing single to multi nutrients, are available in the market. You can pick one of them keeping, the needs of your plants, in view. Potassium improves the production of flowers, phosphorus helps roots and nitrogen indorses greenery. Over usage of fertilizer can also damage the plants.
Colorful blooming flowers, filled with sweet nectar, are a big attraction and an open invitation for the insects and pests. But don’t consider that all of them are harmful. So while selecting an insect killer or pesticide remember that it must not only be friendly with atmosphere but with beneficial insects like honey bees and some others too. Pests like beetles and caterpillars chew leaves in different ways. They attack in groups but you can control them with your timely actions like pesticide sprays, powders, traps and barriers against them
Weeds make your garden look untidy and gross. They not only consume water and nutrients from the soil but also shelter the green pests. Always deal with them before they envelop the cultivated plants. It’s easier to remove them when they are small. Grown up weeds produce seeds for their regrowth, making their removal harder for you. Always pull them from the roots as they appear. You can use sprays to kill them too.
Undersized and withered plants or flowers are an indication of a disease but it may be an invisible tiny insects’ attack also. So before going for a remedy make it sure either it’s a disease or a pest damaging your garden. Fungus infection in plants can be treated with a fungicide. Sometimes trimming the effected parts can work but in intense cases plant should be removed and replaced with a fresh and healthy one. Proper spacing and watering can also avoid diseasing.
Well folks! Keeping the following guidelines in view you can cultivate a vigorous home garden easily, reflecting your aesthetic sense and love for nature.