Vegetables don’t ask for any more care than decorative plants, but they are less tolerant of negligence. Vegetable plants consume an immense amount of energy, growing and delivering fruit that never grows up as far as the plants are concerned. A plant bears fruit to make seeds, but we tend to yield vegetables before the seeds are fully developed. This becomes stressful for vegetable plants, so it’s essential to give them what they need for the wellbeing and vigor to keep producing.
Carelessness can also result in lower crops and poorer vegetables due to more pest challenges. Follow the tips below to keep your plants strong and rising progressively all season long for a high-bearing vegetable garden.
Water Your Garden Regularly
Regular watering is as essential to growing vegetables as sunlight. This could be an inch or two per week, and more if it’s scorching hot. Without regular watering, vegetables will not fill out, and some, like tomatoes, will crack open if abruptly plumped up with water after battling without for long.
You can’t always depend on rain, so a seep irrigation system is a good thing for a vegetable garden if it is possible. The new module systems are easy to install and reasonable for even pastime gardeners. You can save money on water too, because it goes right to the plant’s root, with minimum loss to evaporation. If you do not want to go for drip irrigation, plan your vegetable garden close to a water spigot if you haven’t chosen a site yet. You will be more apt to water when you don’t have to pull the hose out.
Maintenance of Vegetable Plants
For plants that are sown from seeds directly, removing extra seedlings is an essential measure for a healthy vegetable garden. This is called thinning. Some gardeners have a hard time losing seedlings, but leaving all the germinated seedlings to grow too closely together will affect the plants badly and decrease your overall crop.
When you see true leaves appearing, remove seedlings, so the remaining plants are at the suggested spacing gaps. If you cannot remove the extra growths without troubling the seedling roots that will remain, simply squeeze the seedlings at the soil line. Keep the strongest, sturdiest seedlings.
Another maintenance job to do early in the gardening season is staking plants. High and climbing vegetables need some sort of staking or trellising. It is best to fix the stakes at sowing time. If you wait till the plant has sprouted before staking, you run the probability of damaging the plant roots.
Later in the season, suckers should be trimmed from tomatoes. Clipping tomato suckers means removing the growth that develops between where the stem and a branch meets. If allowed to grow, they will become another main stem with branches, flowers, fruit, and more suckers of their own and will consume the nutrients of the original plant.
Stay on Top of Weeds
Weeds in the garden make vegetables weak. Weeds consume food and water, leaving less for the vegetables. You need to take care of your garden before every gardening season. The most important thing is to keep your beds weed-free so your crops could reside in the best shape. If you keep on removing weeds as you see them constantly, you can get control over them.
Your little in-time care will help you a lot, and you would need to use herbicides later.
Mulching is one of the best techniques to suppress weeds, cool plant roots, and save water. Densely grown plants do this job for themselves.
Seed-free straw is a good mulch for vegetable gardens. It provides a good cover. It’s easy to push aside for planting, and it can be blended into the soil at the end. An extra advantage is that spiders love to hide in straw and feast on garden pests.
Improve the Soil
Vegetables being heavy feeders, require more fertile soil. Add some organic matter into the garden before start planting every year. Organic matter once or twice during the cultivating season will make the crops healthier. Remember one thing that different plants have different requirements, of course, so it’s essential to take note of directions that came with your seed packets.
Now you have worked hard and put enough effort into your garden, so it is essential to preserve its fertility for the next plantation season. One easy way to protect and enrich soil during winter is to cultivate a crop of green manure in the autumn and let it turn into the earth in the spring.